Our skin, which covers our entire body like a garment, is important and valuable for all of us. From time to time, we encounter burns, wounds or later moles on our skin, which is our most valuable clothing. Some of these may be normal, and some may be a sign of a bad process like skin cancer. As you know, early diagnosis and treatment is very important in cancerous lesions.
What is Skin Cancer?
Skin cancer, which occurs as the abnormal growth of skin cells, often occurs on skin exposed to sunlight. This common type of cancer can also occur in areas of your body that are not exposed to the sun much. There are three types of skin cancer: Basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant melanoma. All three cells from where these cancers originated are the basic cells that make up the skin, but their behavior and functions are different. The most dangerous among them is malignant melonoma also called as melanoma. Skin cancer, which develops in the melanocyte cells that produce the melanin pigment that gives your skin its color, can rarely develop in parts such as the eyes, nose, and throat.
What are the Symptoms of Skin Cancer?
Skin cancers usually start with non-healing wounds on the skin. Recently formed spots or changes in the size and shape of the pigmentation may be sign of a skin cancer. In some patients, it is manifested by a recent change in the appearance of moles. For example, there may be situations such as quick growth, color change, bleeding, crusting, pubescence or irregularity around the borders. Moles are mostly located on face and neck region, but can be seen in areas that are frequently exposed to the sun such as lips, ears, neck, chest, arms, hands and legs, as well as areas that are not normally exposed to the sun such as the palm and soles. It should not be forgotten that this type of cancer can be seen in areas that do not give any warning. For this reason, it is very important to observe your body well. If you notice any change on an existing mole, it is very important to see your doctor immediately as it may be a sign of skin cancer.
Does Skin Cancer Itch? How Can I Understand That It Is A Skin Cancer?
The most important sign of skin cancer is formation of a new pigmentation on the skin or change in the size or color of the pigmentation of an existing lesion, non-healing wound or swelling or change in the surface of the moles. Redness and itching can be seen in the spots. Therefore, if you encounter a suspicious situation, you should consult a specialist immediately.
Skin self-examination: This stage is up to you. First of all, you should check your whole body in the mirror at regular intervals and be able to notice a possible change.
Medical History and Physical Examination: Physical examination is performed by a specialist for a possible skin cancer. Using the dermatoscopy technique, the spots and moles on the skin are examined and can be viewed. It is especially important for people with skin cancer history in their family.
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