Facial fractures are broken bones in the face and mouth. Most facial fractures are caused by sudden and violent attacks. It is mainly caused by sports, fighting, horseback riding, traffic accidents and falls. Although bones are weakened by reasons such as dental cysts, these are rare conditions. Facial fracture surgery; It covers nasal bone fractures, cheekbone fractures, under eye bone fractures (orbital), lower and upper jaw fractures.
When Is Surgery Done In Facial Fractures?
Your doctor or dentist will examine you if you experience some kind of blunt (due to physical injury) or severe trauma on your face. During the examination, they will take an x-ray by looking at your movement, swelling and pain. Most facial fractures can be seen clearly on facial jaw and dental x-rays. However, some minor fractures may require more x-rays, CT scans and follow-up. Your doctor will direct you to facial fracture surgery depending on the situation. The first and subsequent treatments of facial fracture surgery may vary depending on age and other factors.
How Is Facial Fracture Surgery Performed?
Facial fracture surgery varies depending on the type and size of the fracture and the conditions at that time. First of all, doctors try to bring the broken bones into normal alignment, in other words, to reduce the fracture. They need to keep the fracture steady to avoid injury. This can be challenging at times. Sometimes it is necessary to use plates, screws, and wires inside or outside the bones to keep the fractures in place. Plates used for facial fractures surgery are made of titanium. They hold the bones of your face, head and / or chin together and strengthen them. Plaques placed to repair facial fractures are designed to stay in place and be permanent with your bone. They are very unlikely to cause infection or discomfort. When they cause such a situation, they must be removed.
How Long Is The Recovery Time For Facial Fractures?
The healing process of facial fractures varies depending on the type, size and treatment of the fractures. In the treatment of facial fractures, scars and swelling usually subside in 2-3 weeks. After this process, the body continues to heal itself. During this process, you need to be patient. You may feel your face numb or awkward. There are many channels in the facial bones through which nerves pass. The nerves in these channels are sensory (pain, touch, heat, cold, etc.). Nerves are distributed through soft tissue and facial skin. This may seem strange to you, but it is normal. Your soft tissues and skin on your face are injured; Your bones may be bruised, swollen, or damaged. For this reason, the pain can be short-lived. However, in some cases, it can be seen that the pain lasts for a few weeks or even. Very rarely there is partial or no improvement.
What Should Be Considered After The Operation?
After facial fracture surgery, you should definitely follow the recommendations of your doctor. If the facial fracture is in the cheekbone, avoid blowing into your nose for 10 days following the injury. Because, contacting your sinuses with air can cause facial swelling around the eyes. If your face is swollen, this is temporary. If you have any problems, you should contact your doctor again. Until your facial fracture heals, you should pay attention to your face for at least 6-8 weeks. Because these impacts can damage the broken areas. And bones can move as a result. Since the plates are made of titanium, they do not cause problems in airport detectors. If you are going to undergo scans such as computer scanning or magnetic resonance, it would be a good idea to mention the plates. Facial trauma is a common condition, especially in city centers. Having a broken face can take a blow to your self-esteem. A skilled and experienced plastic surgeon is required to undergo facial fracture surgery. At this point, you can contact Aesthetic and Plastic Surgery Specialist Dr. Mahmut Sunay and his experienced team.
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