Undoubtedly, the most effective tool in all kinds of communication that the individual establishes with his / her social environment in his / her daily life; is the face. Over time, depending on genetic and environmental factors, in the skin forming the human face; Some deformations occur. Today, with the developing technological possibilities, there is an increase in the field of facial aesthetics. Among these applications, face lift (rhytidectomy); Stretching the wrinkles on the skin due to the effects of aging and removing the sagging are the most effective and permanent surgical methods that are successful.
What is a Face Lift?
Depending on the complex structure of the facial anatomy, there are many technical details applied during surgery. In this operation, it is aimed to eliminate the sagging of the skin by hanging the structure called “SMAS”, which forms the muscle, fat and nerve tissue that make up the face. After the sagging is corrected, the unnecessary skin is removed from the face. Another advantage of the surgery is that it treats the sagging in the neck area as well.
Who Can Have Face Lift?
Facelift surgery is generally over performed 40-50 years old. It is applied for men and women suffering from wrinkles and sagging in the face and neck area. In some cases, younger people may also need the application due to poor living conditions (alcohol and cigarette consumption, irregular diet, inactivity, stress, irregular sleep, etc.).
How is Facelift Surgery Performed?
Facelift surgery starts at the junction of the cheek and the ear and is applied in a way that continues into the scalp located behind the ear. In practice, the soft tissue that causes sagging in the facial area and includes the facial muscles is suspended with special sutures used as a surgical technique. The excess skin in the temple, cheek and chin area are removed from the face. As a result of the face lift application, a decrease in the depth of the laugh lines in the mouth area is observed. During the application under the supervision of an anesthesiologist using general anesthesia, eyelid and neck lift aesthetics can also be applied, so the operation time may vary. Surgery can also be performed with local anesthesia using intravenous sedation (sedatives). Such surgeries take place within 1.5-2 hours depending on the technique to be used and the applications to be performed.
What to Do Before Face Lift Surgery
Smoking negatively affects the healing process of the wounds caused by facelift surgery. For this reason, it is beneficial for those who have facelift surgery to stop smoking 1 week before and after the surgery date. Before the surgery, the consumption of herbal tea should be suspended with drugs that may increase bleeding (aspirin, drugs containing vitamin E, etc.). Keeping the hair long will prevent the appearance of the dressing marks to be made regularly after the surgery, and will provide comfort in the daily life of the person.
Is The Effect of Face Lift Surgery Permanent?
Facelift surgery has a lasting effect for 5 to 10 years in lifting and removing wrinkles on the face due to the effects of aging. The operation applied does not prevent aging, but there are serious differences between before and after facelift. The effects of the surgery last a lifetime. If the person wishes, he can contact his doctor for a new operation in the future. People who are afraid of surgical operation and general anesthesia may sometimes turn to Thread Strap (Spider Web) Application and French Strap applications performed with the use of local anesthesia. However, the duration of the mentioned applications; It lasts from 6 months to 1 year. When a comparison is made on permanence and effect, the advantages of facelift surgery come to the fore.
Is There Any Scars After Face Lift?
As a result of dressings made with special stitches used, the permanence of the scars is minimized. Since the surgery is performed on the ear-face joint line and on the scalp, it will not disturb people.
What is the Healing Process of Face Lift Surgery?
On the skin that is tightened slight pain or swelling on the first night of the surgery mild pain may be observed. Generally, patients are discharged the next day. After the facelift operation, the small tube (drain) is used to drain the blood and fluid collected in the tissue under the skin, and the sutures for the operation are dissolvable, so they do not need to be removed. The reduction of swelling on the face usually takes place within 2 weeks. After 1 month, the swelling completely disappears. In general, work can be done from the 2nd week. Follow the steps your doctor has told you to do during the period; It will speed up the healing process.
What Should Be Considered After The Operation
Ice application made after the aesthetic operation speeds up the healing process. It is normal to have a numbness in the face area for a few weeks. During make-up or combing the hair; harsh interventions should be avoided. Activities including heavy exercise should be avoided for at least 2 weeks after the operation. Skin products used as sunscreen should be used regularly for up to 6 months. It should not be exposed to excessive sunlight. With vitamin supplements, the skin can recover in a shorter time. Due to its anatomical structure, the face is a region that can be well blooded. In this way, the risk of possible infection is very low. During and after the operation, the occurrence of risks is further minimized with preventive antibiotherapy applied by the doctor, but dressing can be applied with additional antibiotic treatment against infection in any condition.
If you have decided to do a facelift, the first thing to pay attention to; It is a good doctor choice. In order to talk about all the details you want to change on your face, to determine the necessary applications in this direction and to get information about face lift prices, you can contact Aesthetic and Plastic Surgery Specialist Dr. Mahmut Sunay.
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